Emerging Technologies in Sports Biomechanics Data Annotation

November 10, 2023

Delving into the fundamental principles of biomechanics lays the groundwork for understanding how athletes generate motion and power. However, this landscape often overlooks data annotation and doesn’t give it enough credit for its role in sports biomechanics. Sports analysts and coaches can create a comprehensive map of biomechanical patterns by annotating key data points within an athlete’s movement, such as joint angles, force exertion, and muscle activation. This annotated data becomes the backbone for informed decision-making in training regimens and injury prevention.

More Sports & Biomechanics Data than Ever Before


The integration of wearables and motion capture devices has thrust biomechanics into the digital age. These tools generate vast amounts of raw data, which, when meticulously annotated, unveil the nuances of an athlete’s performance. From smart suits to sensor-laden shoes, wearables provide a real-time biomechanical diary, empowering athletes and coaches with actionable insights.

Pressure Sensors and Force Plates

Pressure sensors and force plates help measure ground reaction forces and pressure distribution during sports activities. Emerging technology in this area involves advanced wireless sensor systems, simplifying data collection and annotation processes.

Smart Apparel

Smart clothing and wearable textiles embedded with sensors offer a non-invasive way to capture biomechanical data, such as muscle activity, posture, and motion. Annotation involves interpreting data from these garments. 

Drones and Aerial Data

Drones equipped with cameras and LiDAR technology capture aerial data for sports analysis. They provide insights into analyzing team dynamics, player positioning, and field conditions, with the annotation process involving tracking player movements and identifying key events from the aerial footage.

Changing Landscape of Sports & Biomechanics Annotation

The Role of AI in Biomechanics Data Annotation

As technology advances, artificial intelligence takes center stage in biomechanics data annotation. Machine learning and artificial intelligence algorithms are increasingly used to analyze biomechanical data and can automatically annotate specific events or patterns. AI algorithms sift through massive datasets, recognizing patterns and anomalies that might escape human observation. It saves time, improves accuracy, and helps with a deep understanding of athletic performance. These technologies can assist in automatically annotating specific events or patterns in the data, saving time and improving accuracy.

Computer Vision and Motion Capture

Advanced computer vision and motion capture systems are revolutionizing data annotation. High-resolution cameras and depth-sensing technology capture an athlete’s movements in 3D, facilitating detailed analysis of form, posture, and motion. These systems can capture an athlete’s movements in 3D, making annotation and analysis of biomechanical data easy.

Biomechanical Simulations

Advanced computer simulations and modeling tools allow researchers to recreate and annotate biomechanical events in a controlled virtual environment. It can aid in understanding and optimizing athlete performance. 

Cloud-Based Annotation Platforms

Cloud-based platforms and collaboration tools facilitate the storing and sharing annotation of biomechanical data among researchers, coaches, and athletes. These platforms often offer annotation features and data management capabilities.

Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)

VR and AR technologies can create immersive training environments where athletes interact with annotated biomechanical data in real-time, allowing immediate feedback and skill improvement. 

Biomechanical Data Fusion

Integration of data from various sources, such as wearables, cameras, and pressure sensors, is becoming more common. This fusion of data sources often requires advanced annotation techniques to combine and interpret the information effectively.


As emerging technologies evolve, the annotation of sports biomechanical data will become more precise, efficient, and insightful. Researchers and sports professionals will be able to gain deeper insights into athlete performance, injury prevention, and training optimization through the use of these innovative tools.

As sports biomechanics advances with emerging technologies, the importance of accurate and efficient data annotation becomes increasingly evident. iMerit, we specialize in annotating healthcare data tailored for applications in sports medicine and biomechanics. Our extensive network includes annotators worldwide, along with US-board-certified sports medicine physicians, therapists, and experts in computer vision. Leveraging our expert-in-the-loop data processes and cutting-edge automation tools, we have successfully generated large volumes of training data for applications such as human movement analysis, sports performance analysis, and the development of biological systems. 

With experts in the loop, iMerit goes beyond data annotation, offering support in regulatory approval processes for clinical applications through thorough validation and benchmarking. iMerit’s impact on biomechanics and sports medicine extends to automating the generation of transformative insights, benefiting professional athletes and sports companies.

Are you looking for data experts to advance your medical AI project? Here is how iMerit can help.